Crossing Frontiers: the Evidence of Roman Coin Hoards

  • 21/04/2022, 10:30 – 22/04/2022, 18:30 (Fuseau horaire : (UTC+01:00) Bruxelles, Copenhague, Madrid, Paris)
  • En présentiel (Oxford) et en distanciel (inscription)

Roman coin hoards within and outside the Roman Empire have rarely been studied together. Doing so provides one way to test economic modelling within the Empire. For example, Hopkins’ important model of the Roman economy emphasizes the role of taxation in the movement of coinage. If that role was significant it ought to be possible to see from coin circulation where the Empire (or its effective taxation) ended. Also, the prevalence of recorded hoards on the frontier and their relative scarcity in central regions seem to speak to models of core and periphery. Frontier economies have themselves recently been the focus of study (OXREP conference: Frontier Economies in the Roman Empire). Can patterns of hoarding be used to characterise them? To what extent does the spread of Roman coinage beyond the ‘frontiers’ challenge a restricted definition of the Empire itself? How do patterns of coin hoarding within the Empire help us to interpret export and hoarding beyond the frontiers? For ancient writers the use of coin was characteristic of the Roman Empire but what can be said about the use of coin outside the Empire? To what extent can our knowledge of movement of coin outside the Empire be supplemented by proxies (imitations, bracteates, metallurgy)? Does a consideration of hoarding in later periods shed light on earlier practice?

This conference is organised by the Coin Hoards of the Roman Empire project ( and has been generously funded by the Augustus Foundation.

The intention is to publish the proceedings as a volume of Oxford Studies on the Roman Economy.

​It is a hybrid event taking place in All Souls College, Oxford, with most speakers and chairs attending in person, together with a small number of auditors.

​A programme with abstracts of the papers will be sent to all attendees before the conference.


9:30am Welcome and introductory remarksAndrew Wilson (Oxford) & Marguerite Spoerri Butcher (Oxford)
Use and Deposition across the Roman World Chair: Fleur Kemmers (Frankfurt a.M.)
10.00-10.40am Hoards and hoarding in North AfricaAntony Hostein (Paris) & Laurent Callegarin (Pau)
10.40-11.20am In-Out and Near. Patterns of hoarding in Pre-, During- and Post-Roman DaciaCristian Gazdac (Oxford/Cluj-Napoja)
11.40-12.20pm Ritual deposition of coins in Roman Gaul: chronology and patternsVincent Drost (Paris) & Ludovic Trommenschlager (Paris)
12.20-1pm Roman coin hoards from shipwrecks along the Eastern Mediterranean coastDonald T. Ariel (Jerusalem)
Use and deposition beyond the Roman world: North, Central, and Eastern EuropeChair: Alek Bursche (Warsaw)
2.10-2.50pm Roman coin hoards from Denmark – an updateHelle W. Horsnæs (Copenhagen) & Rasmus H. Nielsen (Copenhagen)
2.50-3.30pm Visible and invisible coinage. Geochemical traces of Western European coinage in ScandinaviaJane Kershaw (Oxford)
3.30-4.10pm Viking-Age dirham hoards in northern Europe: why so many?Marek Jankowiak (Oxford)
4.40-5.20pm Hoarding the denarius. Thoughts about interactions between Gaul and the German BarbaricumJérémie Chameroy (Mainz) and Pierre-Marie Guihard (Caen)
5.20-6.00pm Coin hoards and hoarding in Eastern Barbaricum in Late Roman periodKyrylo Myzgin (Schleswig/Warsaw)
The Roman East and Beyond Chair: Eivind Heldaas Seland (Bergen)
9.30-10.10am Hoards of Roman coins from Ancient Armenia and their regional contextAnahide Kefelian (Oxford)
10.10-10.50am Rethinking the Karanis Hoard EvidenceIrene Soto (Michigan)
11.20-12.00pm Hoards of Roman coins and imitations in India Emilia Smagur (Warsaw)
12.00-12.40pm Roman and early Byzantine coins and imitations from Central Asia to ChinaAleksandr Naymark (Hempstead, N.Y.)
Challenging models and interpretations Chair: Ben Hellings (Yale)
2.00-2.40pm The export of coin from the Roman Empire: some remarks on select literary sourcesBernhard Woytek (Vienna)
2.40-3.20pm Metallurgy as a proxy for the movement of coinsGeorge Green (Oxford)
3.50-4.30pm Does the concept of a frontier make sense from the perspective of coin hoards?David Wigg-Wolf (Frankfurt a.M.)
4.30-5.00pm Concluding remarksChris Howgego (Oxford)
5.00pm XVI International Numismatic Congress in WarsawAlek Bursche (Warsaw)